Bruce Lee (Chinese: 李小龍) real name Lee Jun-fan (Chinese 李振藩 ) . On November 27, 1940 Bruce Lee was born in San Francisco, California. He started his career as a child artist in Hong Kong who later came back to the U.S. furthermore, taught martial arts to all the people. He featured in the TV series The Green Hornet (1966-67) and turned into a noteworthy film industry attract in the Chinese Connection and Fists of Fury. Before the release of his movie Enter the Dragon, he passed on at 32 years old on July 20, 1973.
Notorious performing artist, martial arts expert and director Bruce Lee was brought into the world on November 27, 1940, in San Francisco, California. His dad, Lee Hoi Chuen, a Hong Kong musical drama vocalist, moved with his better half, Grace Ho, and three kids to the United States in 1939; Hoi Chuen’s fourth kid was born while he was on visit in San Francisco. Lee got the name “Bruce” from a nurse, and during his preschool years his family never used that name. Bruce Lee showed up in his first film at 3 years old months in Golden Gate Girl. In the mid-1940s, the Bruce lee moved back to Hong Kong. Obviously before the camera, Bruce Lee showed up in approximately 20 films as a kid performing artist, starting in 1946. He likewise learnt dance, winning Hong Kong’s cha-cha rivalry, and also well-known for his astonishing poetry also. In 1953, he started to sharpen his interests into learning kung Fu under the tutelage of Master Yip Man. Before the decades over, Lee moved back to the U.S. to live with his family companions outside Seattle, Washington, and at first he started as a dance tutor in Washington.
Lee completed secondary school in Edison, Washington. He likewise got job to teach Wing Chun style of martial arts to the students and he had taught in Hong Kong to his students and others. Through his teaching, Lee met Linda Emery, whom he wedded in 1964. At that point, Lee had opened his own martial arts school in Seattle.
He and Linda then moved to California, where Lee opened two additional schools in Oakland and Los Angeles. He educated mostly a style he called Jeet Kune Do. Lee was said to have profoundly adored being an educator and treated his students like a clan, at last picking the film as a profession. Lee and Linda additionally extended their close family, having two youngsters – Brandon, born on 1965, and Shannon, born on 1969.
Lee gained popularity as a film actor in the TV arrangement The Green Hornet, which got published in 26scenes from 1966 to ’67. In the show, which depended on a 1930s radio program, the wiry Lee showed hisaerobatic and dramatic battling style called as Kato. He proceeded to show up in such TV series Iron side and Longstreet, while a remarkable film opportunity came in 1969’s Marlowe.
Lee dedicated his career to martial arts and showed great interest towards physical training activities and workouts, and because of those workouts he suffered a back injury and gradually recovered by spending time in self-care and writing. He additionally gave some ideas and it became the reason for the Buddhist priest TV series Kung Fu. Lee left Los Angeles for Hong Kong in the late spring of 1971.
Lee marked a two-film contract, and he bought his family to Hong Kong too. In 1971, the Fists of Fury inthe U.S., was released and gave Lee a role as the factory worker who enters battle to tackle drug smuggling operation.
By his interesting style Jeet Kune Do in The Green Hornet, Lee became the magnetic focus of the film, which set new film industry records in Hong Kong. Those records were broken by Lee’s next film, Fist of Fury, otherwise known as The Chinese Connection (1972), which, similar to The Big Boss, got poor surveys from a few critics.
Before the finish of 1972, Lee became the well-known film star in Asia. He had helped to establish with Raymond Chow his own organization, Concord Productions, and had discharged his first directorial include, Return of the Dragon. In spite of the fact that he had not yet picked up fame in America, he was balanced on the edge with his first significant Hollywood task, Enter the Dragon.
On May 10, 1973, in the Golden Harvest studies, during the Doping sessions of the 3 of the Operation Dragon, Lee moved away to go to the toilet, where he was seized by an attack of vomiting, high fever and strong convulsions.
He was immediately transported to the nearest hospital, where they found cerebral edema. He was then given mannitol, a medicine to reduce the swelling of the brain, which saved his life. The same evil, however, took his life two months later, on the evening of July 20, 1973, while he was in Hong Kong at the home of Betty Ting Pei.
He had arrived with his partner Raymond Chow, who had later left to precede them at the Miramar restaurant, where Australian actor George Lazenby was waiting for them, in town for a role in Lee’s new film as an actor-author, Game of Death .
After leaving Chow, again according to Betty, Lee complained of a strong headache. To try to alleviate her, she took a tablet, given to him by Betty, of Equagesic, containing both aspirin and meprobamate, and she went to lie down for a short rest, without waking up.
All this according to Betty’s statements in court, since there were no other witnesses in her house. He was transported very late to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital where he was declared “dead joint” around 10 pm, after Betty herself had lost precious time by first calling producer Raymond Chow and then her general practitioner, who tried to reanimate Lee.
The autopsy did not completely dispel the doubt about the cause of death, because in the report following the investigation there was talk of “probable” allergic reaction to one or more substances contained in an aspirin, most likely to meprobamate.
The brain, which on average weighs in an adult around 1,400 grams, weighed in the case of Lee 1,575 (an increase of 13%). The two cerebral edema that had struck him might perhaps have been attributed to the excessive work of the previous months: “… so much energy has resulted in a further loss of weight, and an alarming rate of dehydration …”.
Linda recounts with these terms in her book Dragon, what happened during the filming of I 3 of the Operation Dragon. Among the consequences of severe dehydration, there is cerebral edema, which can also derive from repeated trauma or inflammation.
The autopsy highlighted not only the most obvious symptom of the illness that led to death (“… Lee’s brain was swollen like a sponge …” an unequivocal sign of a sudden accumulation of liquids), but a possible renal dysfunction, in addition to the presence in the lungs of a modest amount of fluid and small amounts of blood poured into the alveoli.
Such factors, as reported by the journalist Alex Ben Block, could also be the consequences of a particular Kung-Fu shot of the Dim Mak technique, of which Lee could have been an unwitting victim, since, as the same producer Chow admitted to investigation, the actor had received very hard blows not foreseen by the script during the fights on the set, although the Dim Mak was considered only folklore by the martial arts experts.
But still many weeks after the funeral the mortis cause remained unknown and this caused riots of crowds in the streets of Hong Kong that required the intervention of anti-riot agents. Fans had the impression that something was hiding or that the authorities did not know exactly which fish to take.
The mannitol injected in the vein to Bruce Lee instead had, according to the autopsy, the only task to make quickly reabsorb excess liquid due to both the first and second collapse.
The only two substances found in blood tests during the autopsy were the two components of Equagesic, the aforementioned aspirin, and also 4 milligrams of cannabis that Bruce had chewed, but which as a light drug had no previous mortal in forensic medicine.
On October 15, 2005, Chow said that Lee had died of hypersensitivity to the muscle relaxant contained in Equagesic, meprobamate, a very common ingredient in painkillers. When the doctors officially announced Lee’s death, the final verdict refuted, or called into question, “accidental death”.
The causes of Lee’s death are still the subject of discussion today as there is no absolute certainty of that fatal hypersensitivity to the medicine. And according to many, including the US karate champion Mike Anderson, Lee’s personal friend, has corroborated, among the many homicidal theses, that of an oriental herbal poison that could not be found in an autopsy performed 36 hours after death .
The dystonia between the slowness in ascertaining the cause of mortis – or at least in communicating it to the public – and the speeding up that led to the end of the investigation in the following September, did nothing but confirm the rumors of a precipitous cover-up, since at the time, the Hong Kong police – which was the most corrupt body after the one in Los Angeles – as well as the judiciary, were often criticized for mafia infiltration by the organized crime “Hung” (Triads in the West), to which were affiliated producers and directors with whom Lee often came into conflict.
Many Hong Kong fans accused Betty Ting Pei, to the point that she could not attend the funeral, as she was known to often accompany the Triads in nightclubs and was infamous for the use of alcohol and drugs and gambling debts gambling.
Of the death they were suspected by the most exaggerated fans also Raymond Chow, from whom Lee was about to separate because the producer had never given him the percentage agreed on the proceeds of the films.
Also the already mentioned director Lo Wei, contiguous to the Triads, with whom the star had had violent arguments widely publicized in the newspapers, the powerful producer Run Run Shaw, also in odor of Triad, to which the refusal of Lee had blown up an international co-production with Carlo Ponti also inflicting a scorching humiliation on the image plane , and some traditional Chinese and Japanese martial arts exponents, whom the actor had often criticized.
The preliminary opinion of Peter Wu, the neurosurgeon who saved Lee’s life during the first attack, was that the cause of death should be attributed to a reaction to cannabis, of which, as mentioned above, traces were found in the stomach or at the Equagesic. However, Wu later retracted this position, stating:
“Professor Teare was a forensic scientist recommended by Scotland Yard; he had been questioned as an expert on cannabis and we can not contradict his testimony. Cannabis dosage is not accurate or predictable, but I have never heard of someone who died just for hiring her.»
Bruce Lee lies in Lot 276 of Lake View Cemetery next to his son Brandon Lee
More bits of gossip about the curses circled in 1993, when Brandon Lee was murdered under strange conditions during the recording of The Crow. The 28-year-old artist was shot with a gun that contained spaces yet by one way or another had a live round held up profound inside its barrel.
Books on Bruce Lee are available here.
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